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Phil Mind

Philosophy of Mind

The Philosophy of Mind in General

Antiphysicalist Arguments

The Knowledge Argument
  • The paper, "Epiphenomenal Qualia" (1982), in which Frank Jackson introduced Mary-of-the-black-and-white-room to philosophy is here and here.
  • Encyclopaedia entries:
  • The SEP's entry on the knowledge argument is here.
  • The IEP's entry on the knowledge argument is here.
  • Torin Alter's entry on the Knowledge Argument in the "Field Guide to the Philosophy of Mind" is here.
  • The following wiphi clip, by Caspar Hare of MIT, introduces the knowledge argument by reference to the question whether science is capable of providing a complete description of reality.

  • The following YouTube clip features a weird sci-fi enactment of the Mary scenario:

      
  • Encyclopaedia entries:
  • Hugh Clapin's "Field Guide to the Philosophy of Mind" entry on Mental Representation is here.
Levine's Explanatory Gap Argument
  • Encyclopaedia entries:
  • Hugh Clapin's "Field Guide to the Philosophy of Mind" entry on Mental Representation is here.
Nagel's Bat Argument
  • Nagel's famous and hugely influential paper, "What is it Like to be a Bat?" is here.
  • Encyclopaedia entries:
  • Hugh Clapin's "Field Guide to the Philosophy of Mind" entry on Mental Representation is here.
The Zombie Argument
  • The Zombie Argument (or "conceivability argument") against physicalism is developed in David Chalmers' (2003) paper "Consciousness and its Place in Nature", here.
  • Encyclopaedia entries:
  • The SEP entry on zombies is here.
  • The IEP entry on modal illusions discusses a possible physicalist rejoinder to the zombie argument.
  • David Chalmers Zombies on the Web page includes many links for the zombieholic.
  • Tom Polger's entry on Zombies in the "Field Guide to the Philosophy of Mind" is here.

Aspects of Mind

Belief, Desire and Thought
Consciousness
  • Encyclopaedia entries:
    • Consciousness: SEP and IEP
    • Animal Consciousness: SEP
    • Animal Minds: IEP
    • Consciousness and Intentionality: SEP
    • Hard Problem of Consciousness: IEP
    • Higher-Order Theories of Consciousness: SEP and IEP
    • Phenomenological Approaches to Self-consciousness: SEP
    • Representational Theories of Consciousness: SEP
    • Self-consciousnessIEP
    • Temporal Consciousness: SEP
    • Unity of Consciousness: SEP
  • The Philpapers category for Philosophy of consciousness
  • MindPapers includes sections (with numerous links to online papers) on:
  • MacroVU has an excellent poster-sized argumentation map on the question "Do computers have to be conscious to think?" here.
  • In the following clip, Dave Chalmers quickly lays out the zombie argument against physicalism. He also talks about why it is a datum that consciousness exists, and why understanding consciousness is a "hard problem".
Intentionality and Mental Content
  • Encyclopaedia entries:
    • Intentionality: SEP
    • Collective Intentionality: IEP
    • Consciousness and Intentionality: SEP
    • Mental Representation: SEP
    • Teleological Theories of Mental Content: SEP
    • Teleosemantics: FGPM
    • Causal Theories of Mental Content: SEP
    • Conceptual Role Semantics: IEP
    • Externalism about Mental Content: SEP
    • Narrow Mental Content: SEP
    • Non-conceptual Mental Content: SEP
    • Theories of Meaning: SEP
    • The Normativity of Meaning and Content: SEP
    • Edmund Husserl on Intentionality and Intentional Content: IEP
  • The MindPapers section on Intentionality (with numerous links to online papers) is here.
Qualia
  • Encyclopaedia entries:
  • Useful links:
    • The MindPapers section on qualia (with numerous links to online papers) is here.
    • The Philpapers category for Qualia and for Adverbialism and Qualia theories
    • William S. Robinson's entry on "Qualia Realism" in the "Field Guide to the Philosophy of Mind" is here.

Chinese Room Argument

    The Chinese Gym argument, also due to Searle, is an extension or modification of the Chinese Room argument to apply to neural networks.

Dennett

  • Dennett's Where Am I? is a brilliant piece of hight accessible philosophical writing.
  • It was the basis of a superbly cheesy and now wonderfully dated film, 'Victim of the Brain', starring Dennett himself (complete with brain in bubbling vat, etc...). Here are three clips from the film:

Folk Psychology

Simulation Theory vs. Theory Theory
  • Key online articles on the Simulation Theory / Theory Theory debate:
  • Encyclopaedia entries:
    • Folk Psychology as Mental Simulation: SEP
    • Folk Psychology as a Theory: SEP
    • Theory of Mind: IEP
    • The Theory Theory of Concepts: IEP
    • Theories of Theories of Mind: FGPM
    • Eliminative Materialism: SEP (includes discussions of ST and TT)
  • The MindPapers section on Folk Psychology (with numerous links to online papers, and sections on both theory theory and simulation theory) is here.

Internalism vs. Externalism

Extended Mind
  • Encyclopaedia entries:
  • The IEP's entry on Embodied Cognition is here.
  • The original, 1998 AC/DC article, featuring the Inga-Otto thought experiment, is here.
  • David Chalmers has given a nice TED talk on the Extended Mind, here:


Twin Earth
  • Encyclopaedia entries:
    • The IEP's entry on Embodied Cognition is XXXXX.

Mental Causation

See also: Causation.
  • Encyclopaedia entries:
    • Mental Causation: SEP and IEP
    • Occasionalism: IEP

Metaphysics of Mind

  • Encyclopaedia entries:
    • Metaphysics of Mind: FGPM
    • Supervenience and Mind: IEP
    • Supervenience and Determination: IEP
    • Solipsism and Other Minds: IEP
  • The MindPapers section on the metaphysics of mind (with numerous links to online papers) is here.
  • This podcast from The Partially Examined Life is about David Chalmers' book Constructing the World (2012), and it thesis that all facts about the world -- including all facts about minds -- are deducible from a certain set of basic facts. Chalmers himself joins the discussion.
Anomalous Monism
  • Encyclopaedia entries:
Behaviourism
  • Encyclopaedia entries:
  • In the following rather wonderful clip, B.F. Skinner, the founder of behaviourism, relates the behaviour of pigeons to that of human gamblers, and then goes on to argue against the existence of internal causes and free will.
Dualism (Epiphenomenalist, Cartesian, etc…)
Eliminative Materialism
  • Selected online articles on eliminative materialism:
    • Lycan "A particularly compelling refutation of eliminative materialism": here
  • Encyclopaedia entries:
    • Eliminative Materialism: SEP
    • Connectionism: SEP
Functionalism (& Computational Theories of Mind)
  • Encyclopaedia entries:
    • The Computational Theory of Mind: SEP and IEP
    • Functionalism: IEP
    • Mind and Multiple Realizability: IEP
  • MacroVU have a number of excellent poster-sized argumentation maps on issues related to computational theories of mind here.
  • This podcast from The Partially Examined Life covers numerous topics relating to the computational theory of mind.
  • Jerry Fodor makes the case for functionalism in "The Mind-Body Problem", a highly readable 1981 Scientific American article. It is here.
Identity Theory
  • Encyclopaedia entries:
    • The Mind/Brain Identity TheorySEP
  • The IEP's entry on identity theory is here.
  • Ullin T. Place's entry on identity theories in the "Field Guide to the Philosophy of Mind" is here.
Panpsychism
Physicalism
  • Encyclopaedia entries:
  • The MindPapers section on physicalism about the mind (with numerous links to online papers) is here.

Modularity of Mind

  • Encyclopaedia entries:
    • Modularity of Mind: SEP
    • Jerry Fodor: IEP
  • Mindpapers has a section on Modularity in Cognitive Sciencehere, and a section on Modularity and Cognitive Penetrability here.
  • Raffaele Calabretta Maintains a http://gral.ip.rm.cnr.it/rcalabretta/modularity.html

Subjectivity and Objectivity

  • Encyclopaedia entries:
  • The MindPapers section on the subjectivity and objectivity of mind (with numerous links to online papers) is here.
  • The Philpapers sections is here
  • Pete Mandik's entry on Subjectivity and Objectivity in the Field Guide to the Philosophy of Mind is here.