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Continental

Continental Philosophy

General

  • Encyclopaedia entries on key concepts:
    • Deconstruction: IEP
    • Existentialism: SEP and IEP
    • Hermeneutics: SEP
    • Phenomenology: SEP and IEP
      • Ethics and Phenomenology: IEP
      • Metaphor and Phenomenology: IEP
      • Phenomenological Approaches to Self-Consciousness: SEP
      • Phenomenology and Natural Science: IEP
      • Phenomenology and Time-Consciousness: IEP
      • The Phenomenological Reduction: IEP
    • Postmodernism: SEP
  • Podcasts:
    • In Our Time: Melvyn Bragg discusses existentialism with A. C. Grayling (University of London), Christina Howells (Oxford) and Simon Critchley (Essex).
    • In Our Time: Melvyn Bragg discusses the Continental-Analytic split in Western philosophy with Stephen Mulhall (Oxford), Beatrice Han-Pile (Essex) and Hans Johann-Gloc(Zurich).
  • Richard Briggs (Durham) discusses hermeneutics in relation to the interpretation of Biblical texts, in the following video from the "Video Timeline Project" of St John's College, Nottingham. (10 minutes)

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831)

  • Open access copies of Hegel's major works include:
    • Lectures on the History of Philosophy (1805-1806): here.
    • The Science of Logic (1812): here.
    • Philosophy of Right (1821): here.
    • The Phenomenology of Mind/Spirit (1807): here or here.
    • The Task of the Historian of Philosophy (1831): here.
    • Hegel’s Shorter Logic (1873): here.
      • The Critical Philosophy (extract from Hegel’s The Shorter Logic): here.
    • Hegel's Philosophy of Mind (Encyclopaedia article by Hegel): here.
    • The Philosophy of Art (1886): Part 1 and Part 2.
    • Lectures on the philosophy of religion (1895): here.
  • Encyclopaedia entries:
    • Hegel: SEP
    • Hegel's Aesthetics: SEP
    • Hegel's Social and Political Thought: IEP
    • German Idealism: IEP
  • Useful sites:
  • Podcasts:
    • PEL: on about Hegel's Introduction to the Philosophy of History.
    • PEL and part 2: on Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit, his dialectical method and his "master and slave" parable.
  • Andrew Shanks introduces Hegel's Faith and Thought in the following video from the "Video Timeline Project" of St John's College, Nottingham. (16 minutes.)

Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855)

  • Open access translations of Kierkegaard's major works include:
    • Introduction to The Concept of Dread (1844): here.
  • Encyclopaedia entries:
    • Kierkegaard: SEP and IEP
    • Existentialism / Kierkegaard as an Existentialist Philosopher: IEP
  • Podcasts:
    • In Our Time: Melvyn Bragg discusses the rich and radical ideas of Soren Kierkegaard, often called the father of Existentialism, with Jonathan Rée (Roehampton University), Clare Carlisle(Liverpool) and John Lippitt (Hertfordshire).
    • PEL: on Kierkegaard's account of the self as presented in his The Sickness Unto Death.
  • Steven Shakespeare (Liverpool) introduces Kierkegaard in the following video from the "Video Timeline Project" of St John's College, Nottingham. (14 minutes.)
  • The following pair of clips, from the 1984 BBC documentary, "Sea of Faith", are about Kierkegaard's life and philosophy. (28 minutes total)

Arthur Schopenhauer (1788–1860)

  • Open access translations of Schopenhauer's major works include:
    • The World as Will and Representation (1818): here (+ vol 2 and vol 3).
    • Essays of Schopenhauer: here or here.
    • Essays: The Wisdom of Life: here or here.
    • Essays: Studies in Pessimism: here or here.
    • Essays: The Art of Controversy: here or here.
    • Essays: The Art of Literature: here or here.
    • Essays: Counsels and Maxims: here or here.
    • Essays: On Human Nature: here or here.
    • Essays: Religion: here or here.
  • Encyclopaedia entries:
    • Schopenhauer: SEP and IEP
    • Schopenhauer's Aesthetics: SEP
  • Podcasts:
    • In Our Time: Melvyn Bragg and guests AC Grayling, Beatrice Han-Pile and Christopher Janaway discuss the dark, pessimistic philosophy of Arthur Schopenhauer.
    • PEL: on Schopenhauer's On the Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason and his account of explanation.
  • The following clip is from the 1984 BBC documentary, "Sea of Faith", and explains how exposure to English protestantism and eastern religion influenced Schopenhauer.

Friedrich Nietzsche (1844–1900)

  • Open access translations of Nietzsche's major works include:
    • The Challenge of Every Great Philosophy, an extract from Schopenhauer as Teacher (1874): here.
    • The Joyful Wisdom (1882): here.
    • Thus Spake Zarathustra (1883-1885): here.
    • Beyond Good and Evil (1886): here, here or here.
    • Twilight of the Idols (1888): here.
    • The Antichrist (1888): here.
    • The Case Of Wagner, Nietzsche Contra Wagner, and Selected Aphorisms (1888): here.
  • Encyclopaedia entries:
    • Nietzsche: SEP and IEP
    • Nietzsche's Moral and Political Philosophy: SEP
    • Existentialism / Nietzsche as an Existentialist Philosopher: IEP
  • Useful Nietzsche sites:
    • The Agonist: an open access Nietzsche journal run by the Nietzsche Circle.
    • Nietzsche Chronicle: provides a timeline of Nietzsche's life and eventual descent into madness.
  • Podcasts:
    • In Our Time: Melvyn Bragg discusses Nietzsche and the history of Nihilism with Rob Hopkins (Birmingham), Raymond Tallis, and Catherine Belsey (Cardiff).
    • PEL: on Nietzsche's ethics as developed in his The Genealogy of Morals and Beyond Good and Evil.
    • PEL: on Nietzsche's On Truth and Lies in a Nonmoral Sense and the question whether Nietzsche was an extreme relativist about truth.
    • PEL: on Nietzsche's The Gay Science and his account of wisdom.
  • Stephen N. Williams (Belfast) discusses Nietzsche's critique of Christianity in the following pair of videos from the "Video Timeline Project" of St John's College, Nottingham.
  • Alain de Botton discusses Nietzsche's idea that hardship and suffering are to be welcomed in the following episode of his documentary, "Philosophy - A Guide to Happiness":
  • The following clip is an audio version of Paul Strathern's Nietzsche in 90 Minutes, a short introductory biographical overview of Nietzsche's philosophy:
  • Following is Human All Too Human - Friedrich Nietzsche, a documentary about Nietzsche's life and contributions to Existentialism. (49 minutes)

Edmund Husserl (1859-1938)

  • Open access translations of Husserl's major works include:
    • Ideas, Volume One (1913): here.
    • Cartesian Meditations (1931): here.
    • Philosophy and the Crisis of European Man (1935): here.
    • The Crisis of European Sciences (1937): here (and more).
  • Encyclopaedia entries:
    • Husserl: SEP and IEP
    • Husserl and the Phenomenology of Embodiment: IEP
  • Podcasts:
    • PEL: on Husserl's Cartesian Meditations and his phenomenological account of knowledge.
  • Useful sites:
  • The following podcast (audio only) is a 90 minute crash course in phenomenology, from the University of Essex. Husserl's account of phenomenology is a major themes.
  • In this series of clips, Berkeley philosopher Herbert Dreyfus traces the roots of existentialism from Edmund Husserl's School of Phenomenology, to his pupil Martin Heidegger's theories of das Sein, the threefold structure of activity, authenticity, and nihilism.

Henri Bergson (1859-1941)

  • Open access translations of Bergson's major works include:
    • Laughter: An Essay on the Meaning of the Comic (1900): here.
    • Creative Evolution (1907): here, here or here
    • Matter and Memory (1911): here and here.
    • Time and Free Will, an Essay on the Immediate Data of Consciousness (1910): here or here.
    • Dreams (1914): here.
    • The Meaning of the War: Life & Matter in Conflict (1915): here.
  • Encyclopaedia entries:
  • Podcasts:
    • PEL: on Bergson's Laughter: An Essay on the Meaning of the Comic and his theory of humour.

Martin Heidegger (1889–1976)

  • Open access translations of Heidegger's major works include:
    • Introduction to The Basic Problems of Phenomenology (1927): here.
    • Parmenides (1942-1943): here.
    • On Plato's Cave - the essence of truth (1942-1943): here.
    • Nietzsche's Word: God is Dead (1943): here or here.
    • Plato's Sophist (1943): here.
    • Nietzsche I, II, III, IV: here.
    • Existence and Being (1949): here.
    • Introduction to Metaphysics (1953): here.
  • Encyclopaedia entries:
    • Heidegger: SEP and IEP
    • Heidegger's Aesthetics: SEP
  • Podcasts:
    • PEL: a short summary of Heidegger's Letter on Humanism.
    • PEL: on Heidegger's Letter on Humanism and our existential situation.
    • PEL: on Heidegger's Being and Time and what is involved in something existing.
  • Useful Heidegger sites:
    • Ereignis: links to many works by or about Heidegger.
  • George Patterson, Professor of Divinity at Oxford, introduces Heidegger's philosophy in this clip:
  • Following is Human All Too Human - Martin Heidegger, a documentary about Heidegger's life and contributions to Existentialism. (49 minutes)

Jean-Paul Sartre (1905-1980)

  • Open access translations of Sartre's major works include:
    • Existentialism Is a Humanism (1946): here.
  • Encyclopaedia entries:
    • Sartre: SEP
    • Sartre’s Political Philosophy: IEP
    • Sartre on ExistentialismIEP
  • Podcasts:
    • In Our Time: Melvyn Bragg discusses Jean-Paul Sartre, the French novelist, playwright, and philosopher who became the king of intellectual Paris and a focus of post war politics and morals. His is joined by guests Jonathan Rée, Benedict O'Donohoe (Secretary of the UK Society for Sartrean Studies) and Christina Howells (Oxford).
    • PEL: on Sartre's The Transcendence of the Ego and his account of consciousness.
  • Following is Human All Too Human - Jean Paul Sartre, a documentary about Sarte's life and contributions to Existentialism. (48 minutes)

Jacques Lacan (1901-1981)

  • English translations of Lacan's works can be found at these places:
  • Encyclopaedia entries:
  • Useful Lacan links and sites:
    • Slavoj Zizek's book, How to Read Lacan, is online here.
    • Lacan dot com: numerous Lacan links.
  • Podcasts:
    • PEL: on Bruce Fink’s The Lacanian Subject (1996) and Lacan’s The Mirror Stage as Formative of the Function of the I as Revealed in Psychoanalytic Experience (1949).
  • Marcus Pound (Durham) explains how Lacan builds on Freud in the following video from the "Video Timeline Project" of St John's College, Nottingham. (22 minutes.)
  • Following is a video of Lacan giving a lecture at The Catholic University of Louvain in 1972:

Michel Foucault (1926-1984)

  • Open access translations of Foucault's major works include:
  • Encyclopaedia entries:
    • Foucault: SEP and IEP
    • Foucault on Feminism: IEP
    • Foucault on Ethics: IEP
    • Foucault on Political Thought: IEP
  • Useful Foucault links and sites:
  • Podcasts:
    • PEL: on Foucault's Discipline and Punish.
  • Following is Michel Foucault: Beyond Good and Evil, a documentary directed by David Stewart in 1993. (Speculative and sensationalized in parts.) (42 minutes)

Simone de Beauvoir (1908-1986)

  • Open access translations of Simone de Beauvoir's works include:
    • The Ethics of Ambiguity (1947): here.
    • The Second Sex (1949): here.
    • On the publication of The Second Sex (1963): here.
    • The second sex 25 years later (1976): here.
  • Encyclopaedia entries:
  • Below are videoed interviews with Beauvoir, conducted in 1959, 1967 and 1975 respectively:
  • Next is a documentary on Beauvoir, presented by a very young Melvyn Bragg.

Gilles Deleuze (1925-1995)

  • Open access copies and translations of Deleuze's major works include:
    • Postscript on the Societies of Control (1992): here.
  • Encyclopaedia entries:
    • Deleuze: SEP and IEP
    • Philosophy of Film / Deleuze: IEP
    • Differential Ontology / Deleuze: IEP
  • Useful sites:
    • Deleuze & Guattari on the web: many links, including links to translations of works by Deleuze, and a directory to the "L'Abécédaire de Gilles Deleuze" videos.
  • Podcasts:
    • PEL: on What Is Philosophy? (1991), by Deleuze and Félix Guattari.
  • In the following clip, Deleuze speaks for 45 minutes at a conference in 1987 on the "act of creation" in cinema:
  • The next clip is one of a long series, "L'Abécédaire de Gilles Deleuze", all of which are easily found on YouTube. In it, Deleuze speaks for 13 minutes about Kant:

Jacques Derrida (1930-2004)

  • Open access translations of Derrida's works include:
    • Of Grammatology, Chapter 2 (1967): here.
    • Speech and writing according to Hegel (1971): here.
    • From Spectres of Marx / What is Ideology? (1994): here.
  • Encyclopaedia entries:
    • Derrida: SEP and IEP
    • Differential Ontology / Derrida: IEP
    • Contemporary Metaphilosophy / Derrida’s Post-Structuralism: IEP
    • Metaphor and Phenomenology / Derrida: Metaphor as Metaphysics: IEP
  • Useful sites and links:
    • Derrida Online: lots of resources, including links to translations of many of Derrida's articles.
    • Deconstructionist Theory, by Richard Rorty, explains and critiques Derrida's deconstructionism. It is excerpted from The Cambridge History of Literary Criticism -- vol.8 From Formalism to Poststructuralism, Cambridge University Press, 1995.
  • Podcasts:
    • PEL: on Derrida's rejection of Structuralism among other subjects.
    • PEL: on Jacques Lacan’s interpretation of Edgar Allen Poe’s story "The Purloined Letter", and Derrida's deconstructive critique thereof.
  • Following is Derrida, a 2002 American documentary film directed by Kirby Dick and Amy Ziering Kofman. It provides biographical portrait of Jacques Derrida. It include interviews shot by the filmmakers, footage of Derrida's lectures and speaking engagements, and personal footage of Derrida at home with his friends and family. (86 minutes.)
  • Derrida speaks about what is presupposed by the fundamental philosophical question, "What exists?", in the next clip:
  • Steven Shakespeare (Liverpool Hope University) discusses Derrida and theology in the following video from the "Video Timeline Project" of St John's College, Nottingham.